Schedule an initial consultation at one of these locations:

Utah Vascular Clinic


650 East 4500 South, Suite 100
Salt Lake City, UT 84107

Ogden Regional Medical Center


5475 South 500 East
Washington Terrace, UT 84405


Pain Management

Epidural Blood Patch

What is an epidural blood patch?

An epidural blood patch is a minimally-invasive procedure that uses a patient's own blood to close one or more holes in the dura mater of the spinal cord due to a previous lumbar puncture or a spontaneous leak. The procedure is used to relieve a "spinal headache" caused low pressure of the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF).

How is an epidural blood patch done?

Under x-ray guidance, a needle is placed into the spinal compartment outside the dural membrane. Contrast media – or "x-ray dye" – is injected to confirm accurate placement of the needle. Using sterile technique, 10-20mL of the patient’s own blood is then drawn up into a syringe and slowly injected through the needle. The needle is removed and a bandage is placed.

How does an epidural blood patch work?

There are two likely mechanisms by which an epidural blood patch provides symptomatic relief. First, clotting of the blood may seal the leak. Second, mass effect from the blood volume equalizes the pressure on both sides of the dural membrane, allowing time for the hole to seal itself. At the same time, compression of the dural sac raises CSF pressure, helping to relieve the headache. The body gradually absorbs the blood over the following days or weeks.

Refer to these websites for more information:


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We can provide a second opinion prior to a hysterectomy. Uterine Fibroid Embolization (UFE) may be an option for you.


We can relieve symptoms, prevent complications and improve the appearance of your legs.


Do you have symptoms of pain, fertility problems, or testicular atrophy? We offer a highly effective, pain free treatment.

Do you know the signs & symptoms?

Deep Vein Thrombosis

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) occurs when a blood clot forms in one of the deep veins of your body, usually in your legs, but sometimes in your arm.

  • Swelling, usually in one leg
    (or arm)
  • Leg pain or tenderness often described as a cramp or
    Charley horse
  • Reddish or bluish skin discoloration
  • Leg (or arm) warm to touch

Pulmonary Embolism

Clots can break off from a DVT and travel to the lung, causing a pulmonary embolism (PE), which can be fatal.

  • Sudden shortness of breath
  • Chest pain-sharp, stabbing; may get worse with deep breath
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Unexplained cough, sometimes with bloody mucus